For example, in March, China provided a remote-sens

sing monitor report on flooding in Iran via Fengyun. The analysis estimated the coverage and

terrain characteristics of the flooded area, which greatly assisted the country’s evacuation efforts.

China has launched 17 Fengyun series meteorological satellites, of which seven are currently operational.

The World Meteorological Organization has included China’s Fengyun se

ries of meteorological satellites as a major element of its global Earth observation system.

ountries should work together for a better future in today’s world that is globaliz

ed and multipolar, Javier Solana, former secretary-general of NATO, said in an interview with China Daily.

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Liu’s article was published in Qiushi Journal, a flagship m

magazine of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. He said more efforts a

re needed to implement the proactive fiscal policy and boost efficiency this year.

Preventing and defusing local governments’ hidden debt risks is key to controlling major risks, he said.

Innovative financial tools will be introduced for debt swaps, and the indebted comp

anies will be allowed to choose the same way, under guidance from the local governments, Liu Shangxi, hea

d of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, the Ministry of Finance’s think tank, told China Daily.

“The total amount of hidden debt waiting to be swapped has not yet been calculated, as this

round of debt swaps will not involve the government’s administrative orders, but depends on the ma

rket’s appetite based on the evaluation of the potential default risks and the companies’ solvency,” he said.

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Intensified law enforcement also benefits overseas ent

erprises in China. Last year, intellectual property authorities punished violators in more

than 6,000 cases of infringing on rights of trademark registrants from overseas, with a t

otal value of 151 million yuan ($22 million), an increase of 50.1 percent over the previous year, the report said.

An agreement to support young scholars’ research into the Silk Road was signed between China and UNESCO during a ses

sion of the Conference on Dialogue of Asian Civilizations in Beijing on Wednesday.

Under the agreement, an international academic program will be launched with funding of $1 mill

ion from the Chinese government to scholars under 35 years of age from around the world.

Hosted by the Ministry of Education and UNESCO, the session – entitled “Safeguardin

g the Diversity of Asian Civilizations” – focused on cultural interactions among Asian people and disc

ussed challenges in terms of revitalizing the multiple cultures of Asian countries and regions.

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In Forbes’s ranking, 309 of the world’s top 2,000 largest publ

 public companies are from the Chinese mainland and Hong Kong.

The United States has 575 companies, the most among the 61 countries and regions involved in the ranking.

Japan is third-largest contributor, with 223 companies joining in the list.

This year marks the 17th release of the Global 2000 ranking since it was first published by Forbes in 2003, when the Unite

d States was home to 776 companies in the list while the Chinese mainland and Hong Kong only had 43.

Industry-wise, banks and diversified finance make

up most of the list, with 453 companies appearing on it, followed by tech ind

ustry and construction industry, with 184 and 123 companies on the list, respectively.

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ese civilization greatly promotes progress of human civilization

China’s paper-making, gunpowder, printing, compass, calendar, philosophy and people-oriented view have exerted profound i

nfluence in the world and greatly promoted the development process of human civilization.

Chinese civilization is an open system formed during constant exchanges and mutual learning with other civilizations.

In the future, China will surely embrace the world with a more open p

osture and contribute more dynamic civilization achievements to the world.

Confidence of civilization urged

Asia should enhance confidence of civilization.

We should keep exchanges and mutual learning with other civilization

s in the world, and strive to continue writing new brilliant chapters of Asian civilizations.

We should consolidate the cultural foundation of jointly building Asian com

munity of shared future and a community with a shared future for humanity.

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The conference also saw the launch of a scientific alli

lliance on international disaster risk reduction, which included around 30 institution

s and universities from countries including Italy, Belgium, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

The alliance will serve as a new platform for international coordinati

on and provide scientific support for disaster relief and sustainable development.

The conference was co-hosted by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the China Association for Science and Technology, the U

nited Nations Environment Program, the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction and the Alliance of Int

ernational Science Organizations, a group created to connect the scientific communities of BRI participants.

Bai Chunli, president of the academy, said in the conference’s opening ceremony on Saturday that areas along the Si

lk Road are prone to various natural disasters that have resulted in massive loss of life and economic damage.

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Now that it has reached middle-income status, China’s eco

nomic strategy will focus on creating a highly competitive domestic market that forces com

panies to produce high-value goods so they can pay high wages to highly skilled people.

Because of its long experience in manufacturing, much of tha

t push will be focused on higher value-added production, using the new technologies of r

obotics, artificial intelligence, the internet of things and 5G. This is the only way to avoid the middle-income trap.

The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the kinds of market-driven reforms

needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in research and development, but it sho

uld be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

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Uber has also weathered controversies including revelati

ions of a culture of sexism and bullying at Uber and US Department of Justice investigations. After a series of embarrassments, Kalanick was forced to res

ign in 2017 by a group of investors. Uber then hired Khosrowshahi to lead the company.

Uber has said it has the potential to grow not just in the cab hailing business, but also as a “sup

erapp” to provide logistic services, such as grocery and food delivery, organizing freight tra

nsportation, and even financial services, much like Grab, its Southeast Asian counterpart.

But market experts have struggled to find value in a company that has consistently posted los

ses, and warned that it may never be profitable. “The business is unprofitable, new entrants can enter the ma

rket, there is potential regulatory risk, and it is very price sensitive. What is there to like about this opportunity?” Ro

bert Johnson, professor of finance at Heider College of Business, Creighton University in Omaha, Nebraska said.

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Officials urged to create safe, stable societyand

Xi underlines building professional forces at key meeting on public security

President Xi Jinping urged the nation’s public security forces to fulfill their responsibilities and missions in the new era to cr

eate a safe and stable social environment that enables people to feel an even stronger sense of security.

Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Cent

ral Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, made the remark at a t

wo-day national conference on public security work, which concluded in Beijing on Wednesday.

He called for building highly professional public security forces that are loyal to the Pa

rty, serve the people, promote impartiality in law enforcement and remain disciplined.

Under the new historical conditions, public security departments must

adhere to the overall national security outlook and a people-centered approach, Xi said.

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Not only are there missing links on the causality chai

 between long-term structural factors and actual economic performance, it is also unclear how long those factors would take to constrain GDP growth to a part

cular level. In fact, 20 years ago, the same long-term factors were used to warn of a possible fall in Chinese GDP growth.

Because of the complexity of China’s growth trajectory, many economists seem to base their assessments of potenti

al on performance. After every drop in China’s GDP growth since the second quarter of 2012-when growth fell be

low 8 percent-economists have emerged to declare that performance was in line with potential.

Difficult to determine potential growth rate

To be sure, there are various estimates of China’s potential growth rate, ranging from 5 perc

ent to 8 percent. But it is difficult to determine which is reliable. For one thing, there is reason to believe that

most estimates fail to discount cyclical factors adequately when calculating the long-term trend.

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